Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) is the jaw joint of your lower jaw that allows your mouth to open and close.
Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) is a group of muscular skeletal disorders that share many common symptoms.
It can be caused by repetitive muscle activity that can result in a series of symptoms including jaw and face pain, limited jaw opening, clicking, locked jaw, referred ear symptoms.
There are three major types of TMJ surgeries.
Arthroscopy involves the surgeon inserting an arthroscope to perform an diagnostic examination and repair any damage of the TMJ if possible.
Open surgery (also known as arthotomy) allows for the surgeon to fully visualise and examine the TMJ.
Total TMJ replacement surgery during which, the surgeon removes and replaces the TMJ with a prosthesis which is secured to the bone above and below the original joint.